Systematic Review about (Health-Related) Vulnerabilities of Displaced Populations to Climatic Events
This systematic review addresses the vulnerabilities of forced displaced populations to climatic events. Forced displaced populations often face multiple and overlapping vulnerabilities that render them particularly vulnerable to climatic events. More often than not, refugees and IDPs reside either at the edge of cities in areas characterized by poor-quality built environments or in camps that are located in remote and desolate locations. These environments are particularly prone to extreme weather events, such as heavy rains and floods, droughts, extreme colds or cyclones. When such events occur, impacts on livelihoods in the camps are often harmful. Settlements are frequently built as ‘temporary’ solutions to displacement crises and therefore do not contain strong and proper accommodation. Moreover, particularly refugees are often deprived from their basic and fundamental human rights, such as the right to work and the right to move, which would allow them to become more resilient to shocks. The systematic review will provide an overview of the impacts of climatic events on the health and livelihoods of forced displaced populations, and will draft a future research agenda on the topic.